اختيار مُحَدِد الكمية الصحيح

للإجابة على الأسئلة التي تبدأ بـ How much? وHow many?، نجد أنه توجد بعض مُحَدِدات الكمية التي تُسْتَخْدَم مع الأسماء المعدودة(friends, cups, people) ، ومُحَدِدات تُسْتَخْدَم مع الأسماء غير المعدودة (sugar, tea, money)، ومُحَدِدات أخرى تُسْتَخْدَم مع كل من الأسماء المعدودة وغير المعدودة.

مع الأسماء غير المعدودة فقط مع جميع أنواع الأسماء مع الأسماء المعدودة فقط
a little no, none, not any a few
a bit of some a number of
  any several
a great deal of a lot of, lots of a great number of
a large amount of plenty of a large number of
أمثلة
  • Would you like some tea and a few cookies?
  • I always put a little milk and some carrots in my soup.
  • He has several apples. I don't have any fruit at all.
  • She has plenty of clothes for the winter.
  • I recieved a large amount of feedback from my survey.
استخدام "Much" و "Many"

تُسْتَخْدَم much و many بشكل رئيسي في الجُمَل المُثبَتة والمنفية. يمكن استخدامهم أيضًا في الجُمَل المُثبَتة والمنفية معtoo وso. ملحوظة: يُمْكِن استخدام كلمة many بمفردها في الجُمَل المُثْبَتة بينما لا يُمْكِن استخدام much كذلك. يُمْكِن استبدال Much في الجُمَل المُثْبَتة بتعبيرات مثل a lot of أو lots of (يُمْكِن أن تُسْتَخْدَم هذه التعبيرات أيضًا مَحَل many).

أسماء غير معدودة أسماء معدودة
How much sugar do you have? How many people came to the concert?
There's not much sugar at the store. Not many people came to the concert.
I have too much sugar at home. There were too many people at the concert.
I don't know what to do with so much sugar. It's a problem when there are so many people.
I wish there was not so much sugar here. There were not so many people last year.
There is a lot of sugar in candy. There are many people who want to come. = There are a lot of people who want to come.